ڽͱ п ǥ Դϴ.
ڿ , ư ȭ ũϿϴ.
Ŭϸ ٿ ֽϴ
dz ޴ ϵ dz Ͻô ̸ Ͻ ֽϴ.
켱 Ϸ ֽø ϰڽϴ

2004/11/25 (14:03) from 211.48.246.213' of 211.48.246.213' Article Number : 12
Delete Modify ڽ (park@feng-shui.pe.kr) Access : 20409 , Lines : 222
䌴 ͯ Ѱ 1

䌴   ͯ Ѱ


 


1   ۡ


 


. ۡ



ΰ Ȱ Ϲ Ͽ, ü迡 ݵ ۰ ۡ ӵǰ ־, ֱ 200300Ⱓ Ρ ũ ҷ Ű ִ. Ư 20 ۡӹ ڪʿ ΰȰ 洿 Ÿ ԰ ÿ ۿ Ȯϱ⿡ ̸.

ϸ Ϲ 46 ͪߩϰ ִ , 33 ̶ ִ. ΰ 200 ¾ Ǿٰ ϴµ, ̷ Ҵ۵ ؼ ִ 鿡  ϰ ִ ̴. B.C 20,000 (Paleolithic), Ǵ (Primitive) ҷ ÿ ķ ϴ ۿ ̸, ۰ μ η Ȱ ĵ Ƹ ̰ Ǿ 츮 ϴ η ٥Ѣ Ʈ̰ ִ.

׷Ƿ ó ν ߴ Ⱓ ׾ȿ ̿꿡 мϰ , ֱٿ ̷ ƴ϶ ϴ ڵ 翬 Ϸ ȴ.

̿ Ƿμ 8ȣ New York Times " Ѻ ϴ - Euclid ( B.C. 325?), Archimedes( B.C. 287212), Issac Newton( 16421727), ÷ , 丣, ġŰ(18571935), Ʈ(1894?), ٵ(18821945) ׹ " ̶ ǥ ε ִ. ׷Ƿ ð ۡ , ͯۿ ֧̿ȴ.


(1) ԰

ӵǰ Ƿ ϴǴ ߧڪ ϰ ȴ.

׷Ƿ ΰ Ȱ ڿ ""̸, ΰ Ŵ ڿ ˿ ۡϴ ̶ ؼȴ. ΰ ˰ ϰ ȴ.

̳ ڿ ۡϴ μ Ϲ߾ ࿡  ڿ ȭ Ư ߴ޽Ű Ѵ. Ϲ ʿ ġ ǿ ۰ ͧ ϰǾ ̷ Ȱ Ҵ 鼭 ʤμ ҵǰ ִ. ̿ ӷδ ʼ , , Խ, ̰ Ӫ ̵ ִ. ̵ ۡκ 20 ó ̸ 鿡 Ǿ ־ ̵ ־ DZ ̶ ׷ ۰μ ʤμ DZ ̴.

׷Ƿ 翡 ̸ 뿡 ô ٵǾ ۡ μ ĵǾ Դ.

߰ߵ (), ӿ , ׸ ԰ μ ö ͯѵκ ߰ߵ ̸ ó ٥ ߴ ̷ ͯѵ ӿ ̷ ̴.

̷ ͯ ϳμ ó ִ.


(2) ҷ

״ ٶ(), (), (), ׸ ġ( ; ǹ̰ ԵǾ )̹Ƿ ڿ ϰ Ÿ ִ. μ Ѩ ϰ , ̶ 뽺 ̸, () ؿڪ ٤ ̷ ְ , ⩴ ΰ .

̿ ٶ ΰ Կ ־, ̵鿡 ȸ Ըϰ ȯ濡 Ͽ ֵ Ͽ. ġ ؿ ȭ ľϿ , ٶ ü , , , ̫ ϰϰ Ǿ.

̷ ̰ ߧ ʤ յǾ ΰ Ȱ οϴ Ǵ  ִ. 츮 ȿ ־ ۿ ƵǾ ԰( հ 10ɡ Ÿ ֿ) Ŀ õ Դͪ ־ ߿ ̷μ Ǿ ̹ ƴ ̴. ̿ ʫ ߽ Ϲݴ߿ ޵ǰ Ǵ ־ ġ⵵ Ͽ.

׷, ֱ 忡, 鿡 Ρ٥ۿ ǰ ִ ־ ڿ ִٰ Ͽ ѵ ʤϰ ִ ã ִ.  ׸Ͽ ⡹ ΰ ѿ ־ ִ ڿ ڪ μ ġ ϰ Ǹ, ٸ δ ԰ μ κ, δ ϰ ִ , Үδ Ը ϰ ִ й̴.

, ѱ ϳ μ ó ùٸ Ȱϱ ؼ 驸 . ׷ ؼ 㿡 ϼ 䱸Ǹ, ϼ۰ 켱 ̷ ۡϰ Ѣ Ȯ ʿ䰡 ִ. ׸Ͽ Ѹڰ ν, и , ߻ , ȸ ̳ ȭ ν ߻ ־ ˾ ִٰ ϰڴ.


(3)

츮 ƽþ ʿ ڸ Ǵ ػ 33ƿ, 43, 124ƿ 131ƻ μ Ͽ Գ, , , , ˰ Ͽ 3õ 3鰳 ̻ ̷ , ƽþ ֧̿Ǿ ְ, ̿ , ह ߲ ٴٿ ϰ ִ.

Ѩ ٸ ٥ʫ ݻ ϴ ()꿡 ־ 4 Ѩ ȭ ѷϿ ɷ ؼ ް , پ ڿ κ , κ Ƹٿ ݼ̶ Ҹ Դ.

̷ 带 ̷ Ͽ, ƿ﷯ Ư ճϸ Լ ͳ Ͽ Դ. ̿ ϸ ϴ ǰ ̴. ֱ Ѩ ľϰ, 3 ѷ ǰ ִ ڿ ϸ ʫ ۡ ִ ̴.

츮 15 õ 7õ شϴ Jurassizñ Cretaceous Ѣ , 3 ʿ ̸ Ŀ , ó ¸ 3õ 5鸸 ̶ Ѵ.

츮 ϰ㸦 , ػ ݻ۰ dz ߱ ߣ , ϰ߾ ݻ۰ μ ִ. ˫, ث, ͯۿ ϴ , ۴ ü 7ҿ ʴ´. ̰ 츮 䰡 ͯѢ ְ дٴ ϸ, ú, ߱ Ϻ Ҿ , ϰ㰡 ְ ִ.


(4) κ

츮 7 ߾ ̴. ̵ 3 稿 Ͼ Ө ÷ ܳ Ǿ. ̷ ѱ ū ѸŰ ̭ϸ鼭 Ϻο ߺ ʿ ڴ ˽Ǹ鼭 ƽ(Rias )ؾ ̷ ؾȼ , ο 3õ ߣ(ݻ 1,000m̻, ݻ ݻ 500m̻) ˰, 20 ū , ָ, 寵, ߣ ׻ Բ 췯 ̷ ִ , Ȱ ڿ ߣ Ÿ ȿ ϰ Ǿ ŭ, ߣ Ȱ ġ ⵵ ؼȴ.


.

(1) ۿ

߾ ᦴ 60⿡ 1 ̸ Ѣ Ѵ. ׾ Ϲ߾ źϿ Ȱ ᦷκ̸, ׾ μ µ ô븦 ͯ߾δ ۶ θ.

޼ۻ̿ ޼Ѣ ϴ Ѣ ־ ڪ̳ ѿ ׻ ũ ū ״µ, η Ŀ ޼ ʰ Ҵ. ̷ ׾ Ӹ ƴ϶ ī ƽþ θ 츮 󿡵 ׵ ־ٴ ֱٿ ̸ 巯 Ͽ.

1޼Ѣ 40, 2޼Ѣ 45 ⿡ 35 , 3޼Ѣ 25 15 , ׸ 4޼Ѣ 5⿡ 1 ̴.

ᦷ 鼭 ޼ Ƽ Ϲ߾ 򢰡 ⩿ ̰ Ǵ ְ Ǿ. ̷ ݴ Ž ö󰡸 ̾ Ѣ ٴٿ ؼ ݸǴ ñ⸦ ִ ̴.

޼ۿ ־ ѹݵ Ǿ ־ ִ. ⿡ ־ 4޼Ѣ ε Գ ̿ Ǿ ̴. ׷ٸ 踦 Ż 𸣴 ε̶ Ѵٸ ֧̿ . 1973 6 ߿ ߰ߵ .

ϸ ƽþ ޼ ٰ Ѵ. ޼ ƽþ ϰ ٶ Ҿ. ٶ ߾Ӿƽþ 𷡸 ͼ ̴. ̿ ٶ ؼ ܿ ú 귯 㰡 ׿ Ǵ ִ.

޼ ߣ ήٶ翡 ұԸ ־ ޼ Ѩ ȴ.

츮󿡼 ʷ ͱ ̴. ״ 1935 ػ˰ ִ μ 翡 1933, 1935 ʿ ˬ ߲  ؼ ä ڪ ȭ , ׸ ִٰ Ͽ. ׷, Խݤ ִ ڱ ῡ Ƽ ȥյ ̹Ƿ ⼭ ڪν ۸ ϴ ߴ.

׷ ٷ ͼ ݵ ٽ ߰ߵǰ ִ ̷ ǾҴٰ ִ.


(2) ڪ

ֱٿ ߱ 츮 δ Գ ִ , ٣ , 񶿡 ˰ ߾׵ 6km , ٣ , 鿡 3km 信 ġ , ٣ , ( ) ִ.

̷ ѱ ۿ ϼκ Ͽ 츮 ߾ κ 4050 Ǿ ־ ġ ߴϿ ȭ ̷ϰ ְ Ѵ.


(3)

ѵ ų Ȥ 򢿡 Ҵ. δ ̳ , δ ڸ ִ. ڸ Ѣ ̸, θ ڸ ׵θ ȿ ־. ̿Ͽ ⸦ ϰ 丮 ش.

̵ ̳ Ѹ äϴ Ͽ ԰ Ҵ. ϰ 丮 ϴµ ʿ ︦ Ͽ. ó () ߷ Ͽ ڿ ű⼭ ٵ .

̷ £ ɵ ָԵ (handaxe), ﰳ(chopper), (point), 丮 ܰ (side - scraper), а(endscraper), ⰳ(ʾ, graver) 뵵 ־.

ϱ Ͽ ʿϿ ̹Ƿ Ը Ȱ Ǿ ̴. ׷ ü  ÿ ؼ Ȥ ź ȣ ؼ Ͽٰ Ǵ ̰ ִ.


(4)

ѱ ۿ ־ ô ΰ ͯ о߿ ־ Ȯϰ ľǵǰ ̾, ô 鿩 ٴ ̸ , ٿ Ҹ ˾ƺٴ Ұ ó .

׷ ڷγ ٸ 鼭 ϴٰ Ǵ ҷκ ϴ ۾ ϴ. ǥ Ư¡ Ͽ ϸ Ʒ Ÿ.

ù°, ־ ߿ ۰ ־. , ۿ ̹ ۰, , ߾, Ͽ ӿ ԵǾ ־. κҷ ߿ ߿ (center) ̴. ذ ߴ ʰ ذ ٸ ̸, ʰ ٸ. ۰ȸ ִ ٷ ̸, ̷ ϴ Ǹ  Ư żϴ ٸ  ຸٵ Ư żõǴ , ű⼭ ۿ߰ų, ̷ ڱ Ϳ ǰ ִٰ Ͼ Ǵ . ̷ ,  ̶ ǹ̰ ־ ϰų Ѵٰ ϰ Ǿ Ǵ ̷.

°, ΰ () ߰ϰ ̰ ǹ̷ ϰ Ǿ. ΰ ߰ϰ װ ̿ϱ 60 Ͷ Ѵ. ѱ 쿡 򣰡 ߰ߵǾ, 򣿡 ä 20,000̶ ۯ۰ Դ. ׷ ׹° 簡 Դµ װ 30,000Ҵ ̶ Ѵ. ѱ ߰ ξ Ƶ иϴ. ߰ν ų Ƹ ־ٴ , ȴ Ͽٰ , ż, Ұ ϼ, ı ӿ Դٰ ȴ.

°, ɿ ǹ̰ ߰ߵǰ ־. ִ 20,000̶ ϴµ, ̿ ΰ 迡 ־ ΰ ϰ,  ־ ߴ. ׸Ͽ ְ, ݴ ִٰ ߴ. Ư ڪ Ү  ־ ΰ ź 谡 Ǿ ־. ׷Ƿ ִ, , , ׸ ϵ κ ɵ ϰ Ǿ.

°, 鿡 ǹ̸ ؼѴ. ѵ鵵 ־ ǽ Ȱ ־ ϳ ٰ̾ µ ǹ  ׵鵵  ¸ ־ٰ ؼȴ. ׷Ƿ ô ̳ ׸̳, ̳ 鿡 ׵ ǹ̽ ִٰ ִ.

ټ° , ѵ鵵 ̳ µ ־. 7 5 Ͷ ϴµ ߰ߵ ׳ ·ΰ ƴ϶ · ֵǴ ߰ߵǾ ̳  ǹ̸ ܽϰ ޸ ǹ̸ ã ̴. ̰ ٷ ٤ Ͼ ԵǸ, ü ̳ ߣ ξ ԰ ϴ dz ִ ̶ ϴ ̶ ʾҴ ƴϴ. ѵ鵵 ޼ӿ Ÿ ߰, ׵  ġ ˰ ־. ׸Ͽ ϴ ϱ Ƿʵ鵵 . ׷ ϴ ü 簡 ϰ ϱ⵵ ߴ. ̷ Ƿ ̷ ѵ ̹ Ͼ ͸ иϸ, Ӹ ʿ δ ͵ ϴ ϳ ȴ.

° , ε鵵 ̶ Ҹ ־.

ϰ°, ۿ Ӵ ־. ó ִ̳ ѵ鿡 Ӵ ִ Ͱ ε鿡 ־ ε麸ٴ Ÿ , ǽ Ƿ ȥ ͣϴ ־ٰ ؼȴ. ׸Ͽ 갣 ׸ Ӵ Ư ̷ Ǿ. ׸ ڱ ڿ ÷ հ ٰ ϴ Ҵ.

° , () ȭ ð ȭ ˰ ־. () ̹ ȭ ߿ Ͽ ׵ ̹ ȭ ð и Ͽ. Marshak ϸ ߰ 15,000 ̹ ֱ ȭ ϰ мν ϻȰ Ծٰ ϰ ִ.


.
(1)

ب Ư¡ ϴ ̹ B.C. 4,000濡 ѱ ִ.

ѱ úƿ Ű Ǵµ, ̵ ︦ Ͽ. ٸ ̵ 쳪 ݼߣ ߲ ۿ ˷ ʱ , ׵鿡 ϴ.

Ȱ Ȱ ϰ DZ ü B.C. 3,000Ϳ. ñ⿡ ǥ ︦ ϴ Ÿ ̴. μ, ǥ鿡 ϴ ̰ ִ Ư¡̴. , ˰   θ ִ Ȱ Ȱ ִ.

̷ ú 񶳪 ػ ף˰ ˰ , ׸ ͯ 濡 ߰ߵǰ ִ.

̵ ʰ µǾ ϰ Ǿ. ġ ȿ յǰ ҵ յǾ ϱ⿡ ̸.


(2)

ѵ ü ܫ Ͽ ׵ ַ ٴ尡 ߰ߵȴ. ׷ ı⿡ ̸ ׵ Ү ϱ⵵ Ͽ.

ܫ (ִ) () ä Ͽ ׵ ذϿ ڿ ϰ Ǿ. ̰ ı ϱµ , ߼ Բ () Ǵ ߰ߵǴ ִ. ̳ 丮 ി Ƽ 縦 Ա⵵ Ͽ.

⺻ ȸ ̾, ϳ ü ̷ ߴ ϵ 졿 Ͽ. ϴ ⺻ Ư¡ ϳ װ ߽ ȸٴ ̴. ٱ⿡ Ͽ Ų ȸ  ڿ ģ 踦 ϴ ׹(Totemism) ϰ ִ ؼϰ ִ.

ڱϴ ü ¸ ̷ , , ߿ Ȱ Ͽ. Ӹ ƴ϶ Ұ ͵ ̸ Ͽ Ĵ ,  dzӿ Ÿ ȴ.


(3)

ѵ ϰ ִٴ ִϹ(Animism) ž ־. ׸ ൵ ȥ ϰ , ȥ ʴ´ٴ ž ־. ׷Ƿ, ü ϴ Ǹ ￴ ̴. ׵ ü ѷ ̸ ȣϷ ϱ⵵ ϰ, Ȥ ǵ Բ ֱ⵵ ϰ, Ӹ ذ α⵵ Ͽ.

ߣ̳ ˰̳ ڿ ȥ ΰ װͰ Ͽ ׷ ߿ ̫ ͵ ־ ǥ ̾. ž Ÿ ִ հε, ̷ ϰ ãƺ ִ. ׳ ¾ ģ ڿ Ͽ Ҵµ ˷ Ҵٰ Ѵ. ˿ ᦴ ϱ ̸ ''(ӡӡϻҮ)̶ Ͽٰ Ѵ. ̵ ι Ƶ Ÿ ̴.

ǥǴ ࿡ ູ شٰ Ǿ, ݸ鿡 ٿ С׾ ΰ Ͼ. ׷Ƿ , ׵ ġ ¾ƴٰ ΰ ູ ϴ ɷ Ը ʿ Ͽ. ̵ 뷡 ν Ͽ ߲ ֿ ã ִ. ̯ ´ 𼭳   ߰ߵǴ , Ͼƽþϴ뿡 ̸ Ϲ Ӵ(shamanism)̶ θ ִ.


(4)

ʱ ѱ ܴ κ Ͽٴ ׵ ͯ鿡 ߱ 翡 Ư 1986 11 󳲵 ֱ ־ϴ ȭ ߱ 硹 ÿ Ȯ ִ.

׷ ̷ ȸ ְ Ȱ ľϰ ϴ ڷᰡ ̴.

ܴ Ȱ ִ ̸ Ͽ İ ϰ ܼ ְ̾. ׸ ܴ ÿ Ͽ £ Ͽ ñ ñ⸦ ϰ ִ.

´ Ѣ ܴ Ư¡   κ̸ 6m (8.5 ) ̴ 60 cm . ı ܴ ° ۰ Ը ı ܿ Ͽ ū 1415 μ ̴ 50100cm ӹ ִ. ׸ ߾Ӻο Ӹ ġϰ õǾ ִ. ̷ν ۿ ¿ Ը ְ ȴ. ׷ ־ϴ ȭ ߱ 忡 Ÿ µ ٿ 뱸 3 Ÿ Ȯϰ Ǿ ߾Ӻο Ӹ ġ ڱμ 4 ۵ Ÿ ִ ־.

׷ ܶ ϴ Ǵ ح ·μ ǥ μ θ Ͽ ۿ 洿 ̳ ϰ߾ ̰ ̹ տ ٿ ܰ ݵ ۰ ܺ ̶ . ϴ 嵵 ־ ¿ ô п ִ ˼ ִ.

ο ʼ ü 򣰡 ־ 밳 ߽ɺο ִµ, Ϻ (ߣ 5 ) ͵ Ȥ ִ.

´ , ۰, ũ ü 50100 cm ε, ū ڰ ׾Ҵ.

ٴ 밳 Ա ظ Ͱ 23ӫ ͵ 2 ,  ü ͵ ִ. ׸ ٴڿ ũⰡ ٸ ,  ձ Ǵ ձ ũ ü 1030cm̸, ۵ ϱ 񺸦 ȴ.

ٴڿ ո Ͱ ո ִ. 򣿡 , ̷ 򣸦 Ѵٸ ̴. ̸鼭 ѷ ۸ շ ִ 翡 ͯ ̴.

׷ Ư¡ ϰ ִ ̷ ̹ տ ־ϸ ȭ ߱ 忡 Ȯε κ ġϰ ִ ִ.


(5)

ǥ ̼ǰ Ѵ.

ణ 谡 θ 鿡 ׾ Ͽµ, ٿ ϱ⵵ Ͽ. ̷ ܼ ٵ ǹ̰ ־ ؼϰ ȴ.

ڸ ¡Ѵٰ ϹǷ, ﵵ ϸ ؼѴ. ׷ ۵ ̴  ϰ, Ÿ Ǿ. ܳ ϴ õ ¡ ִ.

ʾ Ÿ Ư dz䳪 С ǹ̰ ϰ Ÿ ־, Ǿ, ׸ ڸ 쿡 ־ Ư¡ ̱ ٵ ߻  ¡ ǹ̸ Ÿµ ־.


.

︦ ó ϱ ü B.C. 9 Ϸμ ϰ δ ̺ ÷ ص ִ.

˰ κ ļ ϳ ȭ ϰ ־ ￴ ׸ װ ߰ߵǰ ־ ΰ Ȱ ػ ־ٰ . ̵ ε ַ ˰ ߸ տ ߰ߵǰ ־, ִ ᰡ ժ Ÿ ִ. ̷ ĻȰ 鿡 ũ ԰ ־ Ÿ, Į()̳ ȭ ÿ ǰ ־ ִ.

ѵ ַ () ־ ÿ ժ Ը ũ ǰ ־ ϰ ִ.

 


2  


 


.

׾ ߾ ϴ ۰μ Ұ Ҿ Ÿ ߻ ۺ̴.

״ ׿ װ Ǿ, , , ڪ ڪ, , , Ǵ Ǿ ִ ܿ쵵 ְ, ʫ嵵 Ǿ ִ 쵵 ִ. 󼭴 ȣϱ Ͽ Ҵ. ̰ ̸ (Dolmen)̸, 츮󿡼 ε̶ Ѵ. ׷Ƿ װ ѱ ׷μ Կ ־ ׸ Ͽ  ãƺ ִ.

״ ⼳ μ ȿ شǸ, Ǹ Ϲ ϴ ߱κ Ѣ ξ 𤿡 ľ , ̷ Ŀ ϴ ̰ ã ְ Ѵ.

ϴ ̵ ε ȭ ġ Ͽ , <߲(A.D. 1390Ҵ)> С̶ Ͽµ ڴ (B.C. 100) <> ϸ װ ϳ ͡ ;ȯ̶ Ѵ Ͽ ΰ ϳ ͵ ١ Ͽ, ϳ ū δ ͵ ١ Ͽ. ó 츮 ӵ , ڴ μ ͯ ׿ ϴ ͡ ִ. ϱ ഡ (Dolmen)̶ ϸ ѵ ڦ̶ Ѵ.

̷ ȭ ȸ Ͽ B.C. 4000 ۺ ߣ ( ߣ ̿ ־.) ļ ˰ Ǿ.

״ ͯ ϳμ ڪ ѱ Ϻκ Ӹ ƴ϶, 鿡 ִ.

ͯѵ ϰڪ  Ȱ Ϻημ ϰ 濡 ū ؼǰ ִ.

Ȳ⾾ ѱ ̿ Ͽ ̶ ϴÿ ٴ μ ϴ ϴÿ ϴ ̴. 츮 츮 ߾ Ͽ ԰ ϴÿ Ѣ ' ߵǰ Ǵ ϴԿ ſ' ׸ '⸦ 踦 Ÿ ϴԿ , ٶ ⸦ ٶ ' ̰ ̴. ̷ ȭ ϸ ϱ Dolmen Culture Ѵ. Ͽ. , ̰ Dolmen ġϰ ִ ϴ μ ؼ ִ.

̷ ѱ ִ , ء׶ 塹 ϴ μ, ε ϰ () ̶ Ѵ.

׿ δ Ҵ 5982⿡ شϰ, 1988  5988⿡ شѴ. 麸ٵ 츮 ϰ ִ 츮 Ư¡ ִ.

, 츮 ׸ ۡ Ͽ ϸ 츮 ߿ ѷϰ Ÿ ε Ǵ ס Ҹ ڪ̸ ϱ۰ Ư 극Ÿ۰ ִ (Dolmen) ݻ ϹǷ ࡹ̶ Ҹ ִ.

̵ ܱ 츮 װ  ִ Ӵ ̳ Ѱ ̰ ϰ 츮 ߻Ǵ װ ߵǾ ִ ̴. ̳ 簡 ͱǾ ְ ߱ ķε װ ɼ ݱ ˷ ִ ȿ ڰڰ ̴. ᱹ 츮 䬿 򢸦 ̷ δ 󿡼 ãƺ Ͱ ְ ִ. ѱ ε , ׸ ѹݵ Ư ȭ ϳ ִ. Ư ⦿ ־ ؿ ̰ ޹ħϴ ̴.

׷, ̷ װ  ءǾ ؼ ʰ ִ. ٸ, " ϼ" ε Ͽ ɰ ϴٰ ؼ 츮 ŵ 꿡 Ӧ ƴϾ ϴ ͵ ׸ Φ ƴ϶ Ͽ.

׾߸ ۿ ־  ۿ Ͽ 翡 ǰ ִ. ׷ װ ź ǰ 뵵 Ǵ Ӧ ϰ ִ Ʋ ̴.


(1) ׿ ͯ

츮 洿 ߰ߵǴ ⦴  ϴ ̴. ̷ ״ 츮 鿡 ִ ղ ȴ. 츮 洿 ־ 캸 δ ˰ Ѿ 洿 ̸ۡ ȿ 츮 ϸ ſ . Үͯ ػ ϴ뿡 , ϵ ׿ʹ 谡 ˷ ִ. ٷ ߣ ˰ ۰ ǰ ߰ߵǾٰ ϳ ٰ ִ. , ٴ dz ⿡ 2 μ  Ͽ ̸ۡ ѱ Ϻ 濡 ѵǾ ѱ ִ. װ͵ ° ѱ ׿ʹ ͵̾ ̶ ۿ . ̿Ͱ ξƼ п ߵǾ ϳ Ư ̷ ִٴ <

츮 ûȸ ϳ ˭ ̴.

                                    
(2)

(׸-1) ε



״ ѹݵ ̿ܿ Ǿ ְ ǥ δ ε Decan , ī ݻ, ݻ, ݻ, Ұ ݻ, Ż ݻ, ũ ݻ ݻ, ױ۷ ݻ Ϸ ݻ, ݻ, ΰ ݻ, 밡 ݻ 11 ִ.

츮 ε ͣ Ƶ ϳ̸, ε 츮 Ө Ÿ ִ ִ.   ε 𹰡 Ǯ 츮 ȿ Ȱ ̾ ٸ ־ ε ġ 򰡵ȴ.

ε 뿡 κҷ ܳ ̴. ࿡ Ѩ ־ 鿡 ִ Ͼ, װ ϰ ָ Ǿ. ̰ θ ʵ Ư Ǹ Ͽ, ̰ ſ ϰ Ͽ ϰ Ͽٰ ȴ. ̿ ػ̰ ̿ ̰ ߴϿ ε ȴ.

п ε ִ ļ ߤǾ , ߿ Գ ѿ ִ ū ϰ, ˰ ˪ ߣ ο ʰ η , Գ ߣ ߤϿ ְ, δ Ǿ ִ.


. ϰ

״ ü ׿. δ ̰ 9, ԰ 70 ̸ Ŵ װ ؼ ̴. ׷ ؼ Ŵ ; Ǿ. ̰ ӿ ִ ڿ Ͽش. 뿡 ġ ƴ϶, ۸ ̾ ϴ. װ װ 34, ʰ ̷ , δ ϰ Ǿ ֱ⵵ ѵ, ̵ ۸ ޸Ͽ ٰ DZ ̴. ׷Ƿ ׿ ڿ ִ.


(1)ε

ε ׾ , Ͽ ۰Ұ ۰ Ͽ ۰ ũ, ҵ ణ ٵ ݵϰ Ἥ , ε ¿ Ͱ µ , Ư а ݵ , . Գ ߣ ο ִ ۰ ε ǥ ̶ ϰ, ̰ 8,4m ̻̰, 밡 Ÿ ⵵ ִ ̹Ƿ, ̿ ũ⸦ ̴. ϰ ִ.

׷ ۰ ֿκ , ȭ Ҵ. ۰  ״ , ū ħ  ؿ ū Ͱ κ ִ Ͱ ാ ״ , κδ ׶ Ǵϱ ͵ ִ. ° ۰ ִٰ ϰڴ.

ۿ Menhir Īϴ Ͽµ, ̰ ǹ̸ ־ ǰ , п ̿ ִµ Գ ۰ ٷ Ϳ ѵѾ ִ ִ. Ͽ 強 ַ ε Ȳ Ǽ Ͽ ڼ ڷḦ ϰ ִ ִ.


(2) (ء)

츮 , Գ ϴ뿡 (Menhir) ִ ݵ ִ. ߿ ⿡ ءസ ִ. ׷ ̵ ء ´ ſ پϿ ٵ ģ ¿ ſ µ ִ.

̰ յ ̶ θ ̶ ǹ̰ ԵǾ ִ ڭ Ϣ ־µ വ ־ٰ Ѵ. ϰ ΰ ٵ ¸ ︦ ϰ , κп ̰ ݩǾ ۡ ߻ ƿ ڣѵ ̷ ־ Ϲ , ٸ ִ.

㿡 ִ ̷ ־ 鮸 ѷϰų ߧ ϴ Ͽ ̶ ؼϰ , 꿡 ׿ ִ ̸, ̷ ȴ. ׸ , ߣ αٿ ϵ , 򮿡 Ͽ.

׸, ô Կ 꿡 ġ Ǹ, ⿡ Ͽ ϴ ־ ִ ִ. ׷Ƿ ̷ Ӹ ƴ϶ ī罺 ⿡ ̸ ļ Ǵ ݻ ؼϰ ȴ.

㿡 Ǵ ̷ ݻ ؼԿ ־ (Menhir) ؼdz Ϲ Ư зϰ Ÿϴٰ ȴ.

, ݻε Ϲ ׿͵ ٸ 뵵 ġ ִ. , ״ ֵ μ ȣ, , ַ ͣ ߽Ͽ ̷ ݸ鿡 鮿 ߧ ַ ѵ ʿ並 ѷϱ Ͽ ġ ؼϴ ŭ ׿ʹ ݴ ִ ִ. , װ ϴ üӿ Ͽ Ͽ ̹Ƿ, ׿ʹ üμ ʿ並 ȴ.




. ׾

״ ־ ϰ Բ ־ ణ ̰ ϰ ִ ־ ߿ ̷ ̷ ϰڪ (Megalithic Architecture) ϰ ִ. ¿ Menhir() Stone Alignment() Stone Circle(Ӥ)  Stone Henge()  Dolmen() ټ ϰ ִ.

̵ ¿ Ư .


(1) (Menhir)

(ء)̶ Ҹ ء Base() Ⱦ ̴. ׷ ٣ Monolith (Ӥ)̶ θ.

ũ ū δ 20.5 m, 2.3m, 330 ޿ 3.0m, 0.9 m, 16.0濡 ̸ ̴. Ǽ ϱ ̾. ħ, , ɸ ѷԪ ø ϳ ڪ ̰ ݻ ҷ ⵵ ߴ. ׷ Menhir ׵ ݻ ǥϴ ڪ̱⵵ ߴ. ´ ͣ 鿡 䰡 ̸, Ϳ ϴ Menhir鿡 Գ ϴ Ү 5.0 m, 1.6 m ũ̴.


(2) (Stone Alignments)

ְ ̿Ͽ ءϿ ϸ, ũ Menhir Ѵ. ̷ ۰ 10 5,000 θŸ(Bretagne) ִ.


(3) Ӥ(Stone Circle)

٣ Cromrech θ. Menhir Stone Alignment  ״θ Ϳ Ͽ Stone Circle ̿ Ͽ ξ ۵ ʥǾ. ׸ ġ ѷ ര ߾Ӯ ޾ . ū 70.0m 60.0m , 7.0m6.0m̴.

ء 꿡 , , ᶷ ؼ. Stone Circle ء θŸ(Bretagne)̴.


(4)( Stonehenge)

Ϲ ʥ ʭϰ Stone Circle Stone Circle Ӥε Ͽ Stonehenge ȹǾ ٸ. Stonehenge μ ٣ Ӯ Salisbury ߲ Stonehenge̴. ϰ 110m ꭿ פ װ, ȵθ 1ǿ Լء 1, 2ǿ ء 1, Դ 3 , 30.0m 4.2m 30 ѷ ٽñ ȿ 20.0m Ү ū 40 , ٽ Үʾȿ ة 5 ڦ ߴ. ۰ ̾. ̷ ׸ڿ ȭ Ͽ ȴ.

ݻ ִ Stonehenge 缱 ź ۰ Ͽ 1848275⿡ Ǹ Ǿµ, 뵵 μ Stonehenge ϰ 긮 ۵ ġ ǻͷ м Stonehenge ¾° Ȯ ޷ ǸǾ (1963Ҵ), ÿ ū ҷ Ű Ǿ.


(5) (Dolmen, ٣ Źڼ)

34 ħ 1 а Ŀٶ Ѳ  ׸ ̷ ٴ dol() men() Dolmen̶ θ.

߿ ء Dolmen ̵ Ȥ Stone Circle ͵ ִ. ο ߾ Ǽ ʰ 鿡 ҽ Ǹߴٴ 㵵 ̰ 帣 ҵ ִ.

ε(, Dolmen)̳ (ء) ۿ Ǹ ڪμ Ͽ Ǿ ִ ̹ տ Ÿ ٿ . п ִ δ ù°, (Dolmen, ε)μ ۰Ұ ۰ , °, ء()δ ءര ء , ΰ ִ. ° Stone Alignment () ִµ ״ κ ʰ ̷ ġǾ ġ ° ·μ Ӥ Ǵ Ǿ ־ ؼ ִٰ ȴ.

̿ μ 츮󿡼 ·μ Stone Circle(Ӥ) Stonehenge() ̵ ̿ܿ ׿ Ư õȴٰ Ǵ Ʈ Ƕ ְڴ.

Ƕ Ǿ Ӹ ƴ϶ ֵ 뵵 ޷ ϴ ȿ ϸ, Ƕ ° ̷ ־ Ͽ ʿ䰡 ִٰ Ѵ.


(6) Ƕ

ī ݻ 帣 ϰ ġ Ʈ ִ η ְ Ѵ. Ư, ޺ 5,000( 30) , ձ, Ƕ, ũ ̵ ͯѵ ̾ ˷ְ ִ.

߿ Ƕ Ʈ ȭ ¡ ǰ Ƕ Cheops Khufu(ü) Ƕ 츦 11.5( 2.43.6 ton) ũ 230 ׾Ƽ ̷ ġ Ȯϰ ࿡ ġϸ, ´ ̷ ְ, δ  װ ֵ Ǿ. ׷Ƿ Pyramid мϸ ȿ شǴ ŭ ڷμ ſ ū ǹ̰ ִ. ׷, Pyramid ꡹ Piramoid ǹ̿ , Pir ϸ aa Ͽ Pir-aa ǹ̶ ؼ ִ.

㿡 ϴ ٥ѡ̶ Ÿ ޴ ҡ ϱ⵵ Ͽ ϴ , ٥ ǹ̸ ִ ߿ ꡹̶ ǹ̿ ̶ ǹ̿ ־ Pyramid  ϸ ٥ѡ̶ Ͽ ū ȴ.

׷, 㿡 ϴ ٥ѡ Ʈ ո , Pyramid ٥̶ 濡 ణ ̰ ִ ִ. 㿡 ٥ ϰ ִ. Ѩ ް Ͽ ͯ Ͽ ļյ鿡Ե ۡ ް ϴµ ִ. ׷, Ʈ ոμ Pyramid ٥ ġϴ ؼ μ ϱ ƴ.

ͯ Ʈ ʣ ״ ܷ ߿ Ȧ Ǽ ׿ Ǽ Լ ̾. Ͽ Ʈ ſ ߿Ͽ ־ Ѩ ߴ ǹ̰ ԵǾ , Pyramid û Ը Ƽ Ǵ ִ. ׷Ƿ ͯ Ʈ ͣ ν 忡 ִ Ͱ ϸƻѴٰ ȴ.

dz ףκ , ף ߣ ¿ ϴ ߿ ߣ ִٰ . Pyramid ߣ¸ ̷ ̷ ף μ ϰ ƴѰ ϰ ȴ. ׸ ٥ѿ ף, , , ذ ִ¹, Pyramid ũ(SPHINX) ٷ ̷ , ף̳ ¡ ۵Ǿٰ ȴ.


. ͣ

׸ 谢 ϰ ִ Ѵٸ, δ . װ ء Ͽ  ˷ , Ư Ϻ 濡 ݻ ϴ ʰ വ Բ ϴ ̸ۡǾ ִ. 츮󿡼 Գ۰ ̿ ܰ ̷ ã , ׷ٰ ؼ ڸ Ŵ ټ . ʹ Ÿ Ӹ ƴ϶ ࿡ ܿ ״ ִ ̴. װ ij ٴٸ dz 츮 ĵǾٰ ְ װ η ȭ Ļ ϳ ʣ ̸  ϼ٥Ǿ ϴ. ̷ 깿 õǴ 𹰡 ͯ ⿡ ϼ ϸ Ѵ.

䫴 Ͽ ߾׵ ۡϿ ణ ϰ ͣ λϿ. ꫿ ꫿ ̸ ۰ ۰ ĵǾ, , , , , , , Į, ׸ ĭ𳪺ƿ ̸. Ұϰ ִ. 䫴 ư ˰ ߣ ߣ, ٶ Ͽ. ( 1979Ҵ 272) ̿ Ǵ ͣ ִ ϳμ Ȯϰ ȴ.

׷, ׵ Ͽ 䫴 Ŀ ϱ Ͽ ڪ ϰ ߾ Ƹ Ͽ δ ϴ μ ߣ洿 ׵ ̸ δ ָ, , ̸, δ , , Ǵ ῡ ̸.

B.C. 4000Ҵ Ͽ ó ̸ 6000Ҵ Ͽ ԰ ϱ 򢿡 ִ. Ͽ ͯ B.C. 4000Ҵ ϰ ִ.

߾ Ÿ ̷ мϸ ״ ѱ Ͽ ͣ Ǿ Ӹ ƴ϶ 鿡 п Ǿ ִ ־ ׸ Ͽ ϼ ְڴ. ߾ ׸ Ư¡ зϸ < -1> ׾ .






. ε ء

ſ Ͽ ̳, ͯ о߿ ־ ۿ ſ ߿ ϳӿ Ʋ. ׷Ƿ ̷ ͯ ǿ ڪκ мǴ ڷῡ ϰ Ǵ 찡 .

ֱٿ Ǵ ͯ δ

硸ū ﳪ(Sequoia Gigantea) ҳ(Pinus Aristata) Ͽ, E. Schulman, C. W. Ferguson ߽ϴ Ƹб ϼ(Lab. of Treering Research )

H. E. Suess ߽ ϴ ̸Ͼƴб 缺 ź ϼ(La Jolla Radiocarbon Lab.)

E. K .Ralph  H. N. Michael ϴ ǹ̴Ͼƴб ڹ (Museum Applied Science Center for Archeology, MASCA)

3 ǥ , ̷ 1947Ҵ ̷ üȭǾ ο о߷ ε 缺ź (Radiocabon, or C dating) , K. P. Oakley 뿬 (Absolute dating)  ̶ A1 (A1 dating) ǰ ִ.

츮 ڪ ۿ 缺ź MASCA Ͽ Ʒ ǥ .

p>




ִ ٿͰ 츮(ѹݵ ) ڪ ۴ ߲ץѢ MASCAؼ  6530 B.P.(6530-1950= B.C. 4580 ) Ÿ, , ﵿ, žϸ ؾ뿡 ÿ ̹ ǰ ־ ϰ ִ.

츮󿡼 ߱ ε  (1981 ) μ, ۴ 4200 B.P.( 4200-1950=B.C. 2250) Ѣ شǸ, ۴ 2150 B.P.(2150-1950= B.C. 200)μ Ĵ Ÿ ִ.

̿Ͱ мϸ, ֱٱ Ÿ ߿ B.C. 2250 ̸ ݸ鿡 Ĵ ״ B.C. 200 Ÿ ȴ. ׷ Ÿ ۴ ׵ȿ ߱ ׿ ̺ ξ װ Ͽ ؼ ̴.

׷ װ μ ʰ ٸ · õ (, ˰)ʿ ־ 밡 ۴ ѱ B.C. 43Ѻ, ׸ 洿 B.C. 3 ̶ ִ. ׷Ƿ 츮 ״ ߱ δ B.C. 23Ѻ B.C. 3Ѻ ׷μ ؼϰ ȴ.

ε ۿ Ͽ ̹ , ߱ ̿ܿ, 鿡 ϼ 䫴 <> ( B.C. 100Ҵ) ̿Ͽ '<߲> ϴ С̶ ڴ μ ͯ ׿ Īϴ ̶ Ͽ ϱ Dolmen̶ ϸ ѵ ڦ̶ Ѵ. ̷ ϰ ִ. ȸ Ͽ B.C. 4000Ҵ ۺ ߣ ( ̿ ־.) ļ ˰ Ǿ. Ͽ ε 츮 ȭ Ư¡ ؼ԰ ÿ, Ǹ B.C. 4000Ҵ ۷ ϰ ִ ִ. ׷Ƿ ߱ ״ B. C. 23Ѻ Ȯεǰ , о߿ ؼ ε ϼ 򢸦 ܳ ִ ִ.


 



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